The sun disappears behind the moon, turning daylight into twilight, the temperature drops rapidly, and it reveals massive streamers of light streaking through the sky around the silhouette of the moon all this during the daytime. A part of the world falls under the enchanting spell of a total solar eclipse. An experience of a lifetime. Magical, isn’t it?
What is a total solar eclipse (or Totality)?
Total solar eclipses occur when the New Moon comes between the Sun and Earth and casts the darkest part of its shadow, the umbra, on Earth. A full solar eclipse, known as totality, is almost as dark as night. During a total eclipse of the Sun, the Moon covers the entire disk of the Sun. In partial and annual solar eclipses, the Moon blocks only part of the Sun. (Yeah the picture you show of the burning moon is not the real one That was to lure you so that you can read the original fact )
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What is so special about total solar eclipse?
Total solar eclipses are a happy accident of nature. The fact that total solar eclipses occur at all is a quirk of cosmic geometry. Some necessary conditions for it to occur are:
· There is a new moon.
· The moon is near a lunar node.
· Earth, the Moon, and the Sun are aligned in a straight line.
· The Moon is near perigee.
(The point of the Moon’s orbit closest to Earth is called perigee, while the point farthest from Earth is known as apogee.)
And friends, this year on August 21st, we are going to experience a total solar eclipse, unlike the partial solar eclipses that we get to experience a lot of times during a year.
The United States will witness a total solar eclipse on August 21, 2017, that will be the first of its kind since 1918. The path of totality for the Aug. 21, 2017, total solar eclipse is about 70 miles wide and stretches from Oregon to South Carolina. It passes through Idaho, Wyoming, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina.
Unique sights around totality
1. Diamond ring: Seen about 10 to 15 seconds before and after totality, the solar corona (the outer atmosphere of the sun) becomes visible; seen together with a single jewel of light from the sun, this creates a diamond ring effect.
2. Baily’s beads: About 5 seconds before totality, Baily’s beads appear. They are little bead-like blobs of light at the edge of the Moon. They are created because gaps in the mountains and valleys on the Moon’s surface allow sunlight to pass through in some places but not others.
3. The Sun’s Corona: As the diamond ring fades, the Sun’s corona becomes more prominent and is visible as a faint ring of rays surrounding the silhouetted Moon. The corona is the outermost layer of the Sun’s atmosphere, and it is around 200–300 times hotter than the Sun’s surface. The corona’s temperature can reach over 1 million °C (1.8 million °F).
Blog By – Megha Mishra
So That was all about the Total Solar Eclipse. Unluckily we won’t be able to see it(Unless you are traveling to the United States of America). So you can go to Youtube to check it out Live.
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