Dealing with two hostile neighboring national security is a primary concern for India. The government ensures the security status and also maintain the law and order situation in the interior regions and its border. The Task is carried out with its large armed forces. But there are various paramilitary forces along with the Indian armed force which
What Are Paramilitary Forces
Paramilitary is a former term to represent these forces but now these forces are called central armed police force. The Indian Armed Force
Central armed police force is divided into different parts they are:
It is the oldest paramilitary force in India because as was established in 1835. In world war 1 it served in middle east, Europe. In world war 2 served in Burma. The
Border Security Force (BSF):
After 1965 Indo-Pakistan war BSF was formed on 1 Dec 1965 for guarding the Indo-Pakistan border. Later it was extended to Bangladesh boarder. It is the largest boarder force in the world. The force conducted a vital role in the 1971 war and gave training to the “Mukti Bahini”. This was the freedom fighter organization of former East Pakistan.
The force also succeeded in solving various internal security challenges like operation Blue star and also the problem of naxalite in the eastern part of the country. It is equipped with 186 battalions with a sanctioned strength of 257,363 personnel. It also has an expanding air wing, marine wing, artillery regiments, and commando units.
Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) :
The Central Industrial Security Force formed in 1969 guards government infrastructure projects and facilities and establishments industrial sectors like atomic power plants, space installations, mines, oil fields and refineries, major ports, heavy engineering, steel plants, barrages, fertilizer units, airports and hydroelectric/thermal power plants owned and controlled by Central Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) located all over India. It has a strength of 1,80,000 personnel.
Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF):
It is India’s largest paramilitary force with 239 battalions and 3,00,000 personnel. The CRPF formed in 1939 maintain rule of Law, Public Order and Internal Security effectively and efficiently to preserve National Integrity & Promote Social Harmony and Development by upholding supremacy of the Constitution. It has achieved excellence in management of internal security and national calamities. It has a tremendous effort in resolving the naxalite dilemma and communal riots.
Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP):
After the 1962 Sino-India war to ensure the security of the border with the Tibet part of China Indo Tibetan Border Police was established in 1966. It has 60 battalions with 89,432 personnel. It is also a part of UN peacekeeping missions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Sierra Leone, Haiti, Western Sahara, Sudan, Afghanistan. The force is deployed from the Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Diphu La in Arunanchala Pradesh. ITBP is a mountain trained force and most of the officers & men are professionally trained mountaineers and skiers.
National Security Guard (NSG):
The National Security Guard famously known as Black Cat for its outfit was formed after the operation Blue star and the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984. It is a special force for combating terrorist activities with a view to protect states against internal disturbances. The NSG is trained to conduct counter terrorist tasks including counter hijacking tasks on land, sea, and air; Bomb disposal Post Blast Investigation and Hostage Rescue missions. Operation Black Tornado conducted by NSG helped to rescue more than 600 hostages in 2008 Mumbai attack.
Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB):
Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) came into the picture in 1963 following the indo-china war. The main task of the force is to provide armed support for the Research and analysis wing and other intelligence agencies of India. It has also a vital role in assisting the population near the border to enhance their capabilities to improve their standard of lifestyle. It has 76,337 active personnel in 67 battalions.