Most important IPC sections every Indian Should know

Every day somewhere someone is breaking the rules. People are used to it. Didn’t you..?? I was really thinking that our readers should really know some of the key terms of our Constitution. Whether you belong to the medical section, engineering branch or an MBA grad you must know some basic rules governing the country. And yes it’s really fun So the next time you see someone driving without a helmet or even someone saying offensive words you can tell him/her which punishment he is gonna get according to the IPC act, Well only if they are dragged into the court for their offense?. you know  “Not Guilty Unless Proved”.?

For me to understand that we are on the same page let me tell you about the IPC that is the Indian penal code. Indian Penal Code, 1860 is the rules that are made by our Constitution by looking at which all the courts in India have to give punishment to the culprits. The code that governs the country. So If you were wondering how someone gets a sentence to death and someone merely a fine of a thousand rupees and is set free. You have come to the right place.

Now there are other 2 acts which are also used during the criminal proceeding which the government implemented when he felt the urge of it that is the CRPC act 1973(Code of Criminal Procedure) and the Indian evidence act 1872.

Now one surprising fact is that Jammu and Kashmir is still a state that doesn’t follow the IPC Act and goes with the RPC(Ranbir Panel Code) instead. I’ll be going with another article regarding the RPC Act and article 370 as it’s a big issue for our country but for now just know that it’s an act exclusively for the J&K state which gives the state certain exemptions from the Constitution of India.

So without diverting from the actual topic let me show you some of the rules you must know regarding the IPC(Indian Panel Code). It was a tough task to choose the rules as every one of them is considered equally important but we managed to keep it as short as we can.

#1. Chapter 22 IPC Section 510 – If one appears in a public place being drunk and conduct any annoyance to any other person, He or she shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to 24 hours or fine up to 10 rupees or both under IPC section 510.


#2. Chapter 22 IPC Section 509 – If one utter any word or gesture or sound or exhibit anything which can in a way lead to attack the modesty of women shall be punished with an imprisonment which may exceed up to a term of one year or with fine or both under IPC section 509.


#3. Chapter 18 IPC Section 465 – If you put a signature or Stamp or electronic signature of any other person or authority of any organization without his concern whether the person exists or deceased will be said to commit forgery(IPC Section 464) and the person committing forgery shall be punished with imprisonment up to 2 years or with fine or both under IPC Section 465 


#4. Chapter 18 IPC Section 489 B – If you are knowingly using a counterfeit note to buy something or other person is buying something and giving you a counterfeit note shall be liable to be punished with imprisonment of up to 10 years or fine or both under IPC Section  489 B.

(Some other rules regarding money counterfeiting comes in Section 489A,489C,489E which we haven’t mentioned but are somehow related to money counterfeiting.)


#5.Chapter 17 IPC Section 420 – If any organization or individual is dishonest with you and in anyway produces or delivers false or fake products or property to one (Cheating Case) then he or she shall be liable for a punishment of imprisonment up to 7 years or liable to pay fine.

#6. Chapter 16 IPC Section 363 A – Whoever kidnaps or maims any minor while not being the lawful guardian of minor for the purpose of begging shall be liable for upto life imprisonment and shall be liable to fine. 

That is why we urged our readers to read How begging is a big scam in India.


#7. Chapter 16 IPC Section 322 – Whoever voluntarily causes hurt on himself/herself is liable to be punished and by looking at the seriousness of the crime that includes ( Seeing the weapon by using which a person is hurting himself/ herself). One shall be punished for imprisonment from one year to imprisonment upto 10 year and also liable for fine.

So the last article where we told you about the Blue Whale Challenge in which People were killing themselves all also come as a criminal activity under IPC Section 333,334 and is a punishable offence.

blue whale

#8. Chapter 15 IPC Section 295 If one willingly destroys or damages any place of worship with intent to insult any religion task. If one tends to disturb any assembly of people involved in religious worship or ceremony(Section 296). Or If someone utters any word, sound or gesture which hurts the religious feeling of anyone(Section 298) then he or she is liable to be punished for a imprisonment of upto one year or pay fine or both.


#9. Chapter 14 IPC Section 279 – If someone is caught anywhere for reckless driving which includes but is not limited to driving a vehicle that is likely to cause hurt or accident to any other person is liable to be punished with imprisonment of upto 6 months and liable for a fine of 1000 Rs or with both. So No reckless Driving.

#10. Chapter 14 IPC Section 287 – If Someone works with any Machinery(Section 287),Explosives(Section 286), fire or combustible matter(Section 285), poisonous substance(Section 284),have Animals(Section 289) and act recklessly or negligently so as to be a threat to other human life or is likely to cause injury to other person shall be punished for a imprisonment upto Six Months and also is liable to pay a fine from 200 to 1000 rupees for the same.




Writing this article seriously help me a lot as I too was unaware of some of the important IPC sections in India So I thought of mentioning the codes. We left some important but too common IPC sections such as Section 300, IPC Section 302, IPC Section 376  as they were too common so to make our article common for everybody we choose only the IPC Codes that everyone should know.

If you are interested to go through all the IPC sections in our Country You can Check it here.

Feeling Einstein.?? Do View our other articles too and Let us know through the comment  if we gave you some little knowledge regarding the rules that governs the country..?

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Founder Of The Indian Society is a blogger and has written for other many blogs for some other famous sites and is currently a student of College of Engineering and Technology(CET), Bhubaneswar pursuing mechanical engineering and aims to become a scientist at DRDO

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